Why is the Coronavirus (COVID-19) the most spreading among aged people?

The Coronavirus which causes the COVID-19 disease has now affected the entire world and that all the authorities in action are racing against time to contain the further spread of the virus, considering its very high contagiousness and an exponential rise in cases.

According to Dr. Kate Tulenko in a World Economic Forum article, aged people who are mostly above 60 are more prone to the virus due to the following mentioned factors:

  1. They are most vulnerable to the virus since their immune systems are weak
  2. They they are more likely to have medical conditions such as heart disease, lung disease, diabetes or kidney disease, which weaken their body’s ability to fight infectious disease.
  3. In many countries, the nursing/old age homes are crowded which increases the risk of the infection
  4. Since they might be staying isolated, they may not be able to get the necessary information about the food or in general what is exactly to be done
  5. There could be mobility challenges while in isolation
  6. Poverty means challenges pertaining to health mostly for the population above the age of 60 due to inaccessibility of crucial resources

Many conditions can cause a person to be immunocompromised, including cancer treatment, smoking, bone marrow or organ transplantation, immune deficiencies, poorly controlled HIV or AIDS, and prolonged use of corticosteroids and other immune weakening medications

Thus we can see that there are multiple factors as to why the Coronavirus is more vulnerable to the aged.

According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, some of the things which the vulnerable age group should rigorously follow for these 2–3 months are:

  1. Stay home (don’t leave home unless absolutely necessary)
  2. If you have to go out, avoid large groups
  3. Practise social distancing
  4. Wash your hands often.
  5. Avoid close contact (6 feet, which is about two arm lengths) with people who are sick.
  6. Clean and disinfect frequently touched services.
  7. Call your healthcare professional if you have concerns about COVID-19 and your underlying condition or if you are sick.

As far as more updated health advice is concerned, do refer to the official websites of CDC and WHO to know more about the disease and take the necessary precautions.

References :

An expert explains: how to help older people through the COVID-19 pandemic

Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)

Coronavirus

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